Humanitarian security risk management allows greater access to and impact for crisis-affected populations through the protection of aid workers, programmes, and organisations, balancing acceptable risk with programme criticality.
Effective security risk management starts with well-designed humanitarian programmes, good leadership, strong personal and organisational resilience, and effective communication.
To better understand how to effectively manage security in a humanitarian context, it is helpful to consider the different elements of a security risk management framework:
Operations and programmes
Travel management and support
Awareness and capacity building
Security collaboration and networks
Rather than a process of its own, security risk management is a lens through which to understand how risk can affect programmes and staff throughout the project cycle and means identifying ways to mitigate against identified risks.
Key aspects of good security risk management include:
Understanding security risk management is first and foremost a tool to enable access to and impact for crisis-affected populations
Using security risk management as a tool to support decision-makers
Developing a proactive approach to identify, assess and mitigate risks
Taking an inclusive approach and drawing on the expertise and experience of internal and external stakeholders in a particular context to understand and manage risk